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Growth and allocation in captive common murre (Uria aalge) chicks
Benowitz-Fredericks, Z.M., Kitaysky, A.S. & Thompson, C.W. (2006) Auk 123(3):722734
Abstract
In birds, relative growth rates of morphological characters change in response to restricted food intake during development. Differential allocation of limited resources is hypothesized to reflect functional priorities for developing chicks. Body mass, wing, and flight feathers have been identified as potential priorities for seabird chicks. We used allometry to examine allocation in captive Common Murre chicks fed within a range of natural provisioning. During days 1045 post-hatch, chicks were fed one of four diets that varied in biomass, energy content, and composition. Energy intake had a more profound effect on growth and development than diet composition; it significantly reduced absolute growth of body mass, manus, and tarsus. Between day 15 and day 20, allocation changed in all treatments: growth of manus was maintained at the expense of body mass. Chicks in more restricted treatments shifted allocation to manus at a lower body mass than those in less restricted groups, but subsequently allocated similarly. Wing loading was higher for chicks than for adult alcids, but scaled similarly. Growth of primary feathers was the most sensitive to small differences in diet composition. Our data also suggest that some changes in allocation may be ontogenetically determined rather than part of an adaptive response to reduced food intake.

Keywords: alcid, allometry, Common Murre, development, food intake, Uria aalge, wing loading

http://dx.doi.org/10.1642/0004-8038(2006)123[722:GAAICC]2.0.CO;2


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