Books
  • Parrish, J.K., Marvier, M. & Paine, R.T. (2001) "Direct and Indirect Effects: Interactions between Bald Eagles and Common Murres" Ecological Applications 11(6):1858-1869
    [notes]
    http://www.jstor.org/stable/3061101
  • Paine, R.T., Wootton, J.T. & Boersma, P.D. (1990) "Direct and Indirect Effects of Peregrine Falcon Predation on Seabird Abundance" The Auk 107(1):1-9
    [notes]
    https://sora.unm.edu/node/24790

Species
Internal links


External links