Return to the Isle of Puffins
Brünnich's Guillemot or Thick-billed Murre (Uria lomvia)
Species

  • Merkel, F.R.,Johansen, K.L. & Kristensen, A.H.(2016) "Use of time-lapse photography and digital image analysis to estimate breeding success of a cliff-nesting seabird" J. Field Ornithol. 87(1):84-95
    [notes] Development of new methods for obtaining basic demographic data from difficult-to-access breeding colonies and easily disturbed species is an important challenge in studies of seabirds. We describe a method that can generate data concerning annual breeding success of cliff-nesting seabirds or other colonial birds with open nests. Our method requires only a single visit to a colony every second or third year, and is based on the use of automated time-lapse photography. To test our method, we used time-lapse photos to examine the breeding success of Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia) in two breeding colonies in Greenland during the years 2011, 2012, and 2014. Based on the analysis of time-lapse photos, we found that hatching success during the 3 yr of our study ranged from 60% to 81%, fledging success from 89% to 95%, and breeding success from 53% to 74% (Table 1). Use of digital image analysis made it possible to differentiate between breeding and non-breeding birds and determine if and when breeding attempts failed or succeeded. The key to making our method a realistic long-term monitoring technique is the use of an automated, formal image analysis to process the thousands of photos from the time-lapse cameras and, more specifically, to reduce a large number of photos to a manageable number. Using our method, we needed 12–22 h per study plot, depending on the number of breeding sites per plot (range = 47–127) and whether it was the first or the second time the plot was analyzed, to obtain our estimates of hatching, fledging, and breeding success. This included time for data preparation, image analyses, visual inspections, and summarizing data in a spreadsheet. We found that our estimates of breeding success were comparable to those obtained by direct observation in the field. An important aspect of using time-lapse technology is to foresee potential reasons why time-lapse cameras might stop taking pictures, for example, equipment failure (camera, timer, or battery) or interference by visitors (e.g., vandalism or theft). As such, thorough testing of time-lapse systems and selecting camera locations less likely to be disturbed are most important. We believe that use of time-lapse photography in combination with digital image analysis to estimate breeding success can be useful for determining the breeding success of other cliff-nesting seabirds and, more generally, other birds that breed in colonies, especially those located in remote areas and where direct observation may disturb birds.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jofo.12143
  • Noda, T., Kikuchi, D.M., Takahashi, A., Mitamura, H. & Arai, N. (2016) "Pitching stability of diving seabirds during underwater locomotion: a comparison among  alcids and a penguin" Anim Biotelemetry 4:10
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40317-016-0102-y
  • Sandvik, H., Barrett, R.T., Erikstad, K.E., Myksvoll, M., Vikebř, F., Yoccoz, N.G., Anker-Nilssen, T., Lorentsen, S-H., Reiertsen, T.K. Skardhamar, J., Skern-Mauritzen, M. & Systad, G.H. (2016) "Modelled drift patterns of fish larvae link coastal morphology to seabird colony distribution" Nature Communications 7:11599
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11599
  • Yamamoto, T., Kokubun, N., Kikuchi, D.M, Sato, N., Takahashi, A., Will, A.P., Kitaysky, A.S., & Watanuki, Y. (2016) "Differential responses of seabirds to environmental variability over 2 years in the continental shelf and oceanic habitats of southeastern Bering Sea" Biogeosciences 13:2405-2414
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-2405-2016
  • Benoit-Bird, K.J., Battaile, B.C., Heppell, S.A., Hoover, B., Irons, D., Jones, N., Kuletz, K.J., Nordstrom, C.A., Paredes, R., Suryan, R.M., Waluk, C.M. & Trites, A.W. (2013) "Prey Patch Patterns Predict Habitat Use by Top Marine Predators with Diverse Foraging Strategies" PLoS ONE 8(1): e53348
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053348
  • Descamps, S. (2013) "Winter Temperature Affects the Prevalence of Ticks in an Arctic Seabird" PLoS ONE 8(6):e65374
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065374
  • Fort, J., Steen, H., Strřm, H., Tremblay, Y., Grřnningsćter, E., Pettex, E., Porter, W.P. & Grémillet, D. (2013) "Energetic consequences of contrasting winter migratory strategies in a sympatric Arctic seabird duet" Journal of Avian Biology 44(3):255–262
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-048X.2012.00128.x
  • Huffeldt N.P. & Merkel, F.R. (2013) "Remote Time-lapse Photography as a Monitoring Tool for Colonial Breeding Seabirds: A Case Study Using Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia)" Waterbirds 36(3):330-341
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1675/063.036.0310

  • Jacobs, S.R., Elliott, K.H. & Gaston, A.J. (2013) "Parents are a Drag: Long-Lived Birds Share the Cost of Increased Foraging Effort with Their Offspring, but Males Pass on More of the Costs than Females" PLoS ONE 8(1): e54594
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054594
  • Linnebjerg, J.F., Fort, J., Guilford, T., Reuleaux, A., Mosbech, A. & Frederiksen, M. (2013) "Sympatric Breeding Auks Shift between Dietary and Spatial Resource Partitioning across the Annual Cycle" PLoS ONE 8(8): e72987
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072987
  • McFarlane-Tranquilla, L.A., Montevecchi, W.A., Hedd, A., Fifield, D.A., Burke, C.M., Smith, P.A., Regular, P.M., Robertson, G.J., Gaston, A.J. & Phillips, R.A. (2013) "Multiple-colony winter habitat use by murres Uria spp. in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean: implications for marine risk assessment" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 472:287-303
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps10053
  • Young, R.C., Kitaysky, A.S., Haussmann, M.F., Descamps, S., Orben, R.A., Elliott, K.H. & Gaston, A.J. (2013) "Age, Sex, and Telomere Dynamics in a Long-Lived Seabird with Male-Biased Parental Care" PLoS ONE 8(9):e74931
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074931
  • Zador, S., Hunt, G.L.Jr., TenBrink, T. & Aydin, K. (2013) "Combined seabird indices show lagged relationships between environmental conditions and breeding activity" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 485:245-258
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps10336
  • Elliott, K.H., McFarlane-Tranquilla, L., Burke, C.M., Hedd, A., Montevecchi, W.A. & Anderson, W.G. (2012) "Year-long deployments of small geolocators increase corticosterone levels in murres" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 466:1-7
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps09975 Open Access
  • Benoit-Bird, K.J., Kuletz, K., Heppell, S., Jones, N. & Hoover, B. (2011) "Active acoustic examination of the diving behavior of murres foraging on patchy prey" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 443:217-235
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps09408
  • Gaston, A.J. & Robertson, G.J. (2010) "Trends in the harvest of Brünnich's guillemots Uria lomvia in Newfoundland: effects of regulatory changes and winter sea ice conditions" Wildl. Biol. 16:47-55
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2981/09-020
  • Elliott, K.H., Woo, K.J., Gaston, A.J., Benvenuti, S., Dall'Antonia, L. & Davoren, G.K. (2009) "Central-Place Foraging in an Arctic Seabird Provides Evidence for Storer-Ashmole's Halo" The Auk 126(3):613-625
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/auk.2009.08245
  • Elliott, K.H., Jacobs, S.R., Ringrose, J., Gaston, A.J. & Davoren, G.K. (2008) "Is mass loss in Brünnich's guillemots Uria lomvia an adaptation for improved flight performance or improved dive performance?" J Avian Biol 39:619-628

  • Irons, D.B., Anker-Nilssen, T., Gaston, A.J., Byrd, G.V., Falk, K., Gilchrist, G., Hario, M., Hjernquist, M., Krasnov, Y.V., Mosbech, A., Olsen, B., Petersen, A., Reid, J.B., Robertson, G.J., Strom, H. & Wohl, K.D. (2008) "Fluctuations in circumpolar seabird populations linked to climate oscillations" Global Change Biology 14(7):1455-1463
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01581.x
  • Österblom, H., Olsson, O., Blenckner, T. & Furness, R.W. (2008) "Junk-food in marine ecosystems" Oikos 117(7):967-977
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16501.x
  • Iverson, S.J., Springer, A.M. & Kitaysky, A.S. (2007) "Seabirds as indicators of food web structure and ecosystem variability: qualitative and quantitative diet analyses using fatty acids" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 352: 235-244
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07073
  • Krasnov, Y.V., Barrett, R.T. & Nikolaeva, N.G. (2007) "Status of black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), common guillemots (Uria aalge) and Brünnich's guillemots (U. lomvia) in Murman, north-west Russia, and Varanger, north-east Norway" Polar Research 26(2):113-117
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-8369.2007.00015.x
  • Watanuki, Y., Wanless, S., Harris, M.P., Lovvorn, J.R., Miyazaki, M., Tanaka, H. & Sato, K. (2006) "Swim speeds and stroke patterns in wing-propelled divers: a comparison among alcids and a penguin" J. Exp. Biol. 209(7):1217-1230
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02128
  • Byrd, G.V., Renner, H.M., & Renner, M. (2005) "Distribution patterns and population trends of breeding seabirds in the Aleutian Islands" Fisheries Oceanography 14(s1):139-159
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2419.2005.00368.x
  • Sandvik, H., Erikstad, K.E., Barrett, R.T., & Yoccoz, N,G (2005) "The effect of climate on adult survival in five species of North Atlantic seabirds" J. Animal Ecol. 74(5):817-831
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.00981.x
  • Lovvorn, J.R., Watanuki, Y., Kato, A., Naito, Y. & Liggins, G.A. (2004) "Stroke patterns and regulation of swim speed and energy cost in free-ranging Brünnich's guillemots" J. Exp. Biol. 207(26):4679-4695
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.01331
  • Lovvorn, J. R., Liggins, G. A., Borstat, M. H., Calisal, S. M. & Mikkelsen, J. (2001) "Hydrodynamic drag of diving birds: effects of body size, body shape and feathers at steady speeds" J. Exp. Biol. 204(9):1547-1557
    [notes]
    http://jeb.biologists.org/content/204/9/1547
  • Decker, M.B. & Hunt, G.L.jr (1996) "Foraging by murres (Uria spp.) at tidal fronts surrounding the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, USA" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 139:1-10
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps139001
  • Croll, D.A. & McLaren, E. (1993) "Diving metabolism and thermoregulation in common and thick-billed murres" J. Comp. Physiol. B 163:160–166
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00263602
  • Gaston, A.J. Cairns, D.K., Elliot R.D. & Noble, D.G. (1985) "A natural history of Digges Sound" Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa
    [notes]
  • Gaston, A.J. & Noble, D.G. (1985) "The diet of Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia) in the west Husdon Strait and northeast Hudson Bay" Canadian J. Zool. 63:1148-60
    [notes]
  • Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) "The Atlantic Alcidae: The Evolution, Distribution and Biology of the Auks Inhabiting the Atlantic Ocean and Adjacent Water Areas" Academic Press, London 574pp
    [notes]
    1. Bedard, J. (1985) "Evolution and Characteristics of the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.1-51
      [notes]
    2. Nettleship, D.N. & Evans, P.G.H. (1985) "Distribution and Status of the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.53-154
      [notes]
    3. Harris, M.P. & Birkhead, T.R. (1985) "Breeding Ecology of the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.155-204
      [notes]
    4. Birkhead, T.R. & Harris, M.P. (1985) "Ecological Adaptations for Breeding in the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.205-231
      [notes]
    5. Hudson, P.J. (1985) "Population Parameters for the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.233-261
      [notes]
    6. Bradstreet, M.S.W. & Brown, R.G.B. (1985) "Feeding Ecology of the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.263-318
      [notes]
    7. Gaston, A.J. (1985) "Development of the Young in the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.319-354
      [notes]
    8. Birkhead, T.R. (1985) "Coloniality and social behaviour in the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.355-382
      [notes]
    9. Brown, R.G.B. (1985) "The Atlantic Alcidae at Sea" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.383-426
      [notes]
    10. Evans, P.G.H. & Nettleship, D.N. (1985) "Conservation of the Atlantic Alcidae" In: Nettleship, D.N. & Birkhead, T.R. eds. (1985) pp.427-488
      [notes]

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