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Sprat (Sprattus sprattus)
Species

Articles on Sprats
  • Kadin, M., Olsson, O., Hentati-Sundberg, J., Willerström Ehrning, E. & Blenckner, T. (2016) "Common Guillemot Uria aalge parents adjust provisioning rates to compensate for low food quality" Ibis 158(1):167-178
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12335
  • Anderson, H.B., Evans, P.G.H., Potts, J.M., Harris, M.P. & Wanless, S. (2014) "The diet of Common Guillemot Uria aalge chicks provides evidence of changing prey communities in the North Sea" Ibis 156:23-34
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12099
  • Evans, T.J., Kadin, M., Olsson, O. & Åkesson, S. (2013) "Foraging behaviour of common murres in the Baltic Sea, recorded by simultaneous attachment of GPS and time-depth recorder devices" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 475:277-289
    [notes]
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps10125

  • Martinez, I., Ellis, J.R., Scott, B. & Tidd, A. (2013) "The fish and fisheries of Jones Bank and the wider Celtic Sea" Prog Ocean 117:89-105
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.03.004
  • Smout, S., Rindorf, A., Wanless, S., Daunt, F., Harris, M.P. & Matthiopoulos, J. (2013) "Seabirds maintain offspring provisioning rate despite fluctuations in prey abundance: a multi-species functional response for guillemots in the North Sea" Journal of Applied Ecology 50(4):1071-1079
    [notes]
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12095

  • Thaxter, C.B., Daunt, F., Grémillet, D., Harris, M.P., Benvenuti, S., Watanuki,Y., Hamer, K.C. & Wanless, S. (2013) "Modelling the Effects of Prey Size and Distribution on Prey Capture Rates of Two Sympatric Marine Predators" PLoS ONE 8(11): e79915
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079915
  • Kadin, M., Österblom, H., Hentati-Sundberg, J. & Olsson, O. (2012) "Contrasting effects of food quality and quantity on a marine top predator" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 444:239-249
    [notes]
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps09417

  • Fauchald, P., Skov, H., Skern-Mauritzen, M., Johns, D. & Tveraa, T. (2011) "Wasp-Waist Interactions in the North Sea Ecosystem" PLoS ONE 6(7): e22729
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022729
  • Henderson, P.A., Seaby, R.M.H. & Somes, J.R. (2011) "Community level response to climate change: The long-term study of the fish and crustacean community of the Bristol Channel" J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 400:78-89
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.02.028
  • Parent B (2011) "Population dymanics of three small pelagic fishes in the Celtic and Irish Seas: sprat Sprattus sprattus, pilchard Sardina pilachardus and anchovy Engraulis encrasicoulus" Master thesis 45 p
  • Hjernquist, B. & Hjernquist, M.B. (2010) "The effects of quantity and quality of prey on population fluctuations in three seabird species" Bird Study 57:19-25
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00063650903029516
  • Rijnsdorp, A.D., Peck, M.A., Engelhard, G.H., Möllmann, C., & Pinnegar, J. K. (2009) "Resolving the effect of climate change on fish populations." ICES Journal of Marine Science 66:1570-1583
  • Voss, R., Dickmann, M. & Schmidt, J.O. (2009) "Feeding ecology of sprat (Sprattus sprattus, L.) and sardine (Sardine pilchardus W.) larvae in the German Bight, North Sea" Oecologia 51:117-138
  • Harris, M.P., Newell, M., Daunt, F., Speakman, J.R. & Wanless, S. (2008) "Snake Pipefish Entelurus aequoreus are poor food for seabirds" Ibis 150:413–415
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2007.00780.x
  • Sundberg, J. (2008) "Causes and consequences of timing of breeding in Common Guillemot, Uria aalge, in the Baltic Sea" Degree project thesis, Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University
    [notes]
    http://www.balticseabird.com/english/publications.htm
  • Henderson, P.A. (2007) "Discrete and continuous change in the fish community of the Bristol Channel in response to climate change" J Mar Biol Assoc UK 87(2):589-598
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315407052447

  • Osterblom, H., Hansson, S., Larsson, U., Hjerne, O., Wulff, F., Elmgren, R. & Folke, C. (2007) "Human-induced Trophic Cascades and Ecological Regime Shifts in the Baltic Sea" Ecosystems 10(6):877-889
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10021-007-9069-0

  • Harris, M.P., Heubeck, M., Shaw, D.N. & Okill, J.D. (2006) "Dramatic changes in the return date of Guillemots Uria aalge to colonies in Shetland, 1962-2005" Bird Study 53:247-252
    [notes]
    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/bird/2006/00000053/00000003/art00007
  • Österblom, H. (2006) "Complexity and change in a simple food web: studies in the Baltic Sea (FAO Area 27 IIId)" PhD thesis, Dept. of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University
    [notes]
    http://www.balticseabird.com/english/publications.htm
  • Österblom, H., Casini, M., Olsson, O. & Bignert, A. (2006) "Fish, seabirds and trophic cascades in the Baltic Sea" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 323: 233–238
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps323233
  • Wanless, S., Harris, M.P., Redman, P., & Speakman, J.R. (2005) "Low energy values of fish as a probable cause of a major seabird breeding failure in the North Sea" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 294:1-8
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps294001
  • Arrhenius, F. (1996) "Diet composition and food selectivity of 0-group herring (Clupea harengus L.) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus L.) in the northern Baltic Sea" ICES J Mar Sci 53:701-712
    [notes] Diet composition and prey selectivity of the major Baltic Sea zooplanktivores, 0-group herring (Clupea harengus) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus), were studied in a coastal area. Diets were dominated by zooplankton, mainly cladocerans (Bosmina longispina maritima and Pleopsis polyphemoides) and copepods (Acartia spp. and Eurytemora affinis hirundoides/Temora longicornis). There were differences in order of the prey selected by the two different 0-group predators (fish hatched during the sampling year) when analysing each species separately. The general order of prey preference for herring was Acartia > Eurytemora>cladocerans> Pseudocalanus minutus>copepod nauplii and for sprat Eurytemora>cladocerans> Acartia>Pseudocalanus>copepod nauplii. As they grew 0-group clupeoids selected larger prey; the greatest preference was shown for intermediate sized prey (0.7–1.0 mm in cephalothorax length). Keywords: herring, sprat, Baltic Sea, selectivity, diet
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.1996.0089
  • Hatchwell, B.J., Birkhead, T.R., Goodburn, S.F., Perrins, J.M. & Jones, S.E. (1992) "Chick diets and food intake of nestling Common Guillemots Uria aalge: an inter-colony comparison" Seabird 14:15-20
    [notes]
    http://www.seabirdgroup.org.uk/
  • Hatchwell, B.J. (1991) "The feeding ecology of young Guillemots Uria aalge on Skomer Island, Wales" Ibis 133(2):153-161
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.1991.tb04826.x
  • Swennen, C. & Duiven, P. (1991) "Diving speed and food-size selection in common guillemots, Uria aalge" Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 27(2):191-196
    [notes]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0077-7579(91)90012-P
  • Birkhead, T.R., Goodburn, S.F. & Hatchwell, B.J. (1986) "Feeding Ecology of Common Guillemot Chicks on Lundy" Annual Report of the Lundy Field Society 1985 36:25-26
    [notes]
    Annual Report of the Lundy Field Society 1985 36
  • Claridge, P.N., Potter, I.C. & Hardisty, M.W. (1986) "Seasonal changes in movements, abundance, size composition and diversity of the fish fauna of the Severn Estuary" J Mar Biol Ass U.K. 66:229-258

  • Potter, I.C. & Claridge, P.N. (1985) "Seasonal Catches, Size and Meristic Data for Sprat, Sprattus Sprattus, in the Severn Estuary" J Mar Biol Assoc UK 65(3):667-675
    [notes] While the sprat, Sprattus sprattus (L.), may live for up to a total of six years, at the end of which time the total length can exceed 150 mm, the fishery in British waters is based primarily on the second, third and fourth year classes (Robertson, 1936, 1938; De Silva, 1973). Historically, the sprat was a major contributor to the fishery of the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary (Matthews, 1933; Lloyd, 1942). Although this fishery has declined during recent decades, the sprat has remained an important component of the teleost fauna of the region. This point is illustrated by the observation that S. sprattus was by far the most abundant of all teleosts in plankton samples taken throughout the Bristol Channel between the spring and autumn of 1974 (Russell, 1980). While length–frequency data were provided by Russell (1980) for these recently spawned sprat and there is comparable information for those sprat which form the basis of the commercial fishery in the Bristol Channel (Lloyd, 1942), no such data are available for those members of the population which are known sometimes to enter the Severn Estuary in considerable numbers (Lloyd, 1941).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400052516


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