Anthropogenic risks are risks to seabirds caused by human actions. These can either be direct (where actions are deliberately taken against seabirds) or indirect (where risks to seabirds are a side-effect of human actions). Direct risks include hunting or egg collection. Indirect risks include fisheries bycatch, introduced predators, oil pollution or disturbance from leisure activities.
  • McFarlane-Tranquilla, L.A., Montevecchi, W.A., Hedd, A., Fifield, D.A., Burke, C.M., Smith, P.A., Regular, P.M., Robertson, G.J., Gaston, A.J. & Phillips, R.A. (2013) "Multiple-colony winter habitat use by murres Uria spp. in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean: implications for marine risk assessment" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 472:287-303
    [notes]
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps10053

  • Hedd, A., Montevecchi, W.A., McFarlane-Tranquilla, L., Burke, C.M., Fifield, D.A., Robertson, G.J., Phillips, R.A, Gjerdrum, C. & Regular, P.M. (2011) "Reducing uncertainty on the Grand Bank: tracking and vessel surveys indicate mortality risks for common murres in the North-West Atlantic" Animal Conservation 14(6):630641
    [notes]
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2011.00479.x



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