Seabird Abstracts

Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Species - Authors - Colonies - Keywords

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD; Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Council) has been developed with the objective of achieving Good Environmental Status (GES) across Europe's marine environment by 2020 (EC 2008). GES is defined by 11 qualitative descriptors listed in the Directive. The MSFD specifies that European Union (EU) Member States must submit a set of environmental targets (and related indicators) to the European Commission by July 2012. By 2014, all indicators and targets should have in place a supporting monitoring programme, assessment criteria, quality standards and a process for disseminating results.