Differences between UK and US terminology

     Plumage                             Plumage
UK   Winter         Pre-breeding moult   Summer      Post-breeding moult 
UK   Non-breeding                        Breeding
US   Basic          Pre-alternate molt   Alternate   Pre-basic molt

  • Camphuysen, C.J. (2007) "Alcidae: Auks" Technical documents 4.1, Handbook on Oil Impact Assessment, version 1.0, Online version
  • Ainley, D.G., Nettleship, D.N., Carter, H.R. & Storey, A.E. (2002) "Common murre (Uria aalge)", Poole, A. & Gill, F. eds. "Birds of North America" The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, & American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
  • Manuwal, D.A. & Carter, H.R. (2001) "Natural history of the common murre (Uria aalge californica)" pp 1-32 in Manuwal, D.A., et al. (eds) (2001) "Biology and conservation of the common murre in California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Volume 1: Natural history and population trends"
  • Gaston, A., & Jones, I (1998) "The Auks" Oxford University Press
  • Thompson, C.W., Wilson, M.L., Melvin, E.E. & Pierce, D.J. (1998) "An unusual sequence of flight-feather molt in common murres and its evolutionary implications" The Auk 115(3):653-669
  • Baker K. (1993) "Identification guide to European non-passerines" BTO Guide 24, BTO, Thetford
  • Harris M.P., Webb, A. & Tasker, M.L. (1991) "Growth of young Guillemots Uria aalge after leaving the colony" Seabird 13:40-44
  • Boekelheide, R.J., Ainley, D.G., Morrell, S.H., Huber, H.R. & Lewis, T.J. (1990) "Common Murre" In Ainley, D.G. & Boekelheide, R.J. eds. (1990) "Seabirds of the Farallon Islands"
  • Harris M.P., & Wanless, S. (1990) "Moult and autumn colony attendance of auks" British Birds 83:55-66
  • Tasker, M.L., Webb, A., Hall, A.J., Pienkowski, M.W., and Landslow, D.R. (1988) "Seabirds in the North Sea" Nature Conservancy Commission, Peterborough
  • Harris M.P., & Wanless, S. (1986) "A comparison of the biology of the normal and bridled forms of the Common Guillemot Uria aalge at a single colony" J. Zool. (Lond.) 210:121-130
  • Birkhead, T.R. & Nettleship, D.N. (1985) "Plumage variation in young Razorbills and murres" J. Field Ornithol. 56(3):246-250
  • Cramp, S., ed. (1985) "The birds of the western Palearctic. Vol. 4: terns to woodpeckers" Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford
  • Hope Jones, P. & Rees, E.I.S. (1985) "Appearance and behaviour of immature Guillemots and Razorbills" British Birds 78:370-377
  • Thomas, A. (1984) "Observations sur la mue prenuptiale des Guillemots de Troïl (Uria aalge) de la Reserve du Cap Sizun (Finistere)" Travaux de Reserves SEPNB 2:54–61
  • Harrison, P. (1983) "Seabirds, an identification guide" Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA
  • Croll, D.A. & Holmes, R.W. (1982) "A note on the occurrence of diatoms on the feathers of diving seabirds" Auk 99:765-766
  • Birkhead, T.R. & Taylor, A.M. (1977) "Moult of the Guillemot Uria aalge" Ibis 119:80-85
  • Swennen, C. (1977) "Laboratory research on sea-birds" Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Texel

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