• Miller, P.I. & Christodoulou, S. (2014) "Frequent locations of ocean fronts as an indicator of pelagic diversity: application to marine protected areas and renewables" Marine Policy 45:318-329
  • Paredes, R., Orben, R.A., Suryan, R.M., Irons, D.B., Roby, D.D., Harding, A.M.A., Young, R.C., Benoit-Bird, K., Ladd, C., Renner, H., Heppell, S., Phillips, R.A. & Kitaysky, A. (2014) "Foraging Responses of Black-Legged Kittiwakes to Prolonged Food-Shortages around Colonies on the Bering Sea Shelf" PLoS ONE 9(3): e92520
  • Scales, K.L., Miller, P.I., Embling, C.B., Ingram, S.N., Pirotta, E. & Votier, S.C. (2014) "Mesoscale fronts as foraging habitats: composite front mapping reveals oceanographic drivers of habitat use for a pelagic seabird" J. R. Soc. Interface 11:20140679
  • Daunt, F., Peters, G., Scott, B., Gremillet, D., & Wanless, S. (2003) "Rapid-response recorders reveal interplay between marine physics and seabird behaviour" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 255:283-288
  • Hoefer, C.J. (2000) "Marine bird attraction to thermal fronts in the California Current System" The Condor, 102(2):423-427
  • Durazo, R., Harrison, N.M. & Hill, A.E. (1998) "Seabird observations at a tidal mixing front in the Irish Sea" Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 47(2):153-164
    [notes] Seabird counts were carried out along six transects across a tidal mixing front in the western Irish Sea using, for the first time, a combination of conventional visual bird observation techniques and very high-resolution mapping of frontal structure using an undulating CTD. Four seabird species were clearly aggregated at a precisely defined frontal boundary. Flocks of seabirds were found to change location over short time periods (hours), maintaining their position relative to the surface physical parameters and the subsurface thermocline. Results confirmed considerable anecdotal and limited documentary evidence that suggest fronts are important feeding areas for seabirds. Keywords birds; fronts; CTD; Irish Sea
  • Decker, M.B. & Hunt, G.L.jr (1996) "Foraging by murres (Uria spp.) at tidal fronts surrounding the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, USA" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 139:1-10
  • Hunt, G.L., Coyle, K.O., Hoffman, S., Decker, M.B. & Flint, E.N. (1996) "Foraging ecology of short-tailed shearwaters near the Pribilof Islands, Bering Sea" Mar Ecol Prog Ser 141:1-11
    [notes] We studied short-tailed shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris foraging near the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, USA, during the summers of 1987, 1988, and 1989. Their foods were almost exclusively the euphausiid Thysanoessa raschii, which they obtained both from near-surface swarms and from epibenthic layers. Near-surface mating swarms of euphausiids occurred in areas of elevated phytoplankton standing stocks near inshore tidal fronts. Many of these euphausiids had attached spermatophores. Shearwaters also obtained euphausiids over shallow reefs and inshore of the fronts where euphausiids were trapped in water shallower than 40 m by irregularities in bottom topography ('bathymetric traps'). We hypothesize that the largely inshore distribution of shearwaters in the southeastern Bering Sea described by previous workers is the result of attraction of shearwaters to frontal areas where euphausiids may forage on phytoplankton stocks throughout the summer. These areas, when shallower than 40 m, would also permit shearwaters to access epibenthic aggregations of euphausiids during daylight, when euphausiids not engaged in mating swarms usually migrate to depth. Keywords: Short-tailed shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris Euphausiids Thysanoessa raschii Seabird foraging Fronts Bering Sea
  • Coyle, K.O. & Cooney, R.T. (1993) "Water column sound scattering and hydrography around the Pribilof Islands, Bering Sea" Cont Shelf Res 13:803-827
    [notes] Water column structure around the Pribilof Islands is a complex mixture of salinity and temperature fronts. Elevated fluorescence and sound-scattering patterns were often observed in the upper 30 m around frontal regions during both 1987 and 1988. Salinity fronts with associated elevated sound scattering were particularly intense near the surface during 1987. During both years sound scattering was most intense over the shelf, decreased over the slope and was lowest over the deep basin. An epibenthic sound-scattering layer was often present but its distribution did not appear to be related to water column structure. Water column scattering patterns in 38- and 200-kHz data were similar, but epibenthic scattering peaks present in the 200-kHz data were absent from the 38-kHz data. Net samples indicate that a portion of the water column scattering was probably caused by large gelatinous zooplankton, while a portion of the 200-kHz peaks in the epibenthic layers probably resulted from sound reflected by euphausiid swarms.
  • Schneider, D.C., Harrison, N.M. & Hunt, G.L.Jr (1990) "Seabird diet at a front near the Pribilof Islands, Alaska" Stud Avian Biol 14:61-60
  • Kinder, T.H., Hunt, G.L. Jr., Schneider, D.C. & Schumacher, J.D. (1983) "Correlation between seabirds and oceanic fronts around the Pribilof Islands, Alaska" Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 16(3):309-319
    [notes] Located on the extensive continental shelf of the Bering Sea, the Pribilof Islands, Alaska are the site of one of the largest breeding colonies of seabirds in the northern hemisphere. During summer these islands are surrounded by a front that separates vertically homogeneous waters from well stratified waters farther seaward. We studied the front with hydrographic data and the bird distributions with concurrent counts during summer 1977 and spring, summer and fall 1978. Murres (Uria lomvia and U. aalge) sitting on the water aggregated near the front during summer 1977 and probably during summer 1978. Other species, such as northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) and auklets (Aethia pusilla and A. cristatella) were unaffected by the front. We hypothesize that the aggregation of the murres was related to an enhanced availability of their food near the front.