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Lev S. Vygotsky (5 Nov. 1896 - 11 June 1934)

Zone of proximal development

"... the distance between the actual development level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers." Vygotsky (1978, p.86)

Internalization is the "internal reconstruction of an external operation." Internalization consists of a series of transformations... Vygotsky (1978, pp.56-57)

Lev S. Vygotsky (1978) "Mind in society", Harvard UP, Cambridge
Edited by Michael Cole, Vera John-Steiner, Sylvia Scribner, Ellen Souberman

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Created 17/2/00
Last modified 6/2/00