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Kinchin, I.M. (1999) "Concept mapping in biology", Journal of Biological
Education, 34(2), pp.61-68
From Table 1 A comparison of key characteristics observed in expert
and novice concept maps. (p.65)
Expert concept maps
Novice concept maps
- Connectedness Highly integrated structure with numerous
- Link quality Appropriate linking phrases which add to the
meaning of concepts, using the specialist language of the domain
- Link variety A diversity of linking phrases illustrating
a range of thought processes
- Dynamism Changes over time, reflecting active interaction
with alternative knowledge structures.
- Concepts Concentration on major overarching concepts to
create an overview.
- Connectedness Disjointed structure dominated by linear
arrangements in isolated clusters.
- Link quality Links are often inappropriate. Usually single
words that add little to the meaning and using non specialist
- Link variety The same linking words are used for a number
of links, suggestive of narrow range of thought processes.
- Dynamism Stable over time suggesting a lack of active
engagement in knowledge restructuring
- Concepts Concentration on specific concepts indicating a
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