Translations between biology and sociology
TBBS: draft outline - 19/6/99
Draft outline for PhD proposal...
Translations between biology and sociology - Introduction
Part I: Initial points of translation (15-25,000 words)
- Safety of GM foods - Authority in political decision making.
- Cultural vs. academic sources.
- Academic discusion of culture. Cultural Theory - Semiotics post-Foucault.
- (Sokal - Turney - Gould - Frankenstein - Scaremongering)
- Academic discusion of genetics. Genotype and Phenotype - Gould, Dawkins, Cohen & Stewart
- (Natural - Symbolic - Hurst vs. Dolly)
Initial points of translation from biology (5,000 words)
Formalism: a linking theme between mathematics, computation, and cultural
theory (5,000 words)
- Sociology and fishing ecologies - Jacquie McGlade - Communicative approaches
- Sociology and farming ecologies - Vandana Shiva - Global and local knowledge
- Biology and ecology - Ernst Mayr - Population thinking - plurality
- Mathematics and biology - 1900's Mendel - 1930's Synthetic theory - Neutral theory (Kiruma)- Game theory -
- Computation and biology - Neural nets - protein computation - gas nets - virtual heart - Chaos
Initial points of translation from formalism (5,000 words)
- Leibniz - Eco and Barrow
- Mathematical formalism - Cantor - Peano - Russell - Godel - (Casti, Hof, Barrow)
- Computational formalism - Boole - Difference Engine - Turing - (
- Cultural formalism - Saussure - Jakobson - Levi-Strauss - Barthes - Derrida - Baudrillard - Eco - (Hawkes)
Conclusion part I: Possible grounds for translation (5,000 words)
- Symbolic, syntactic codes -
- Interest of Leibniz, Peano and Godel in language -
- Infinities - Cantor's paradox -
- Classification - Limitative theories
- The librarian's problem -
- Theories of everything -
- Colour -
Part II: What questions does sociology ask? (30-40,000 words)
- Linking cultural theory to the genotype - phenotype question.
Introduction - (5,000 words)
The work of representation: Stuart Hall (5,000 words)
Power/Knowledge: Michel Foucault (5,000 words)
- (Textbook culture?)
- Reflective, Intentional, and Constructive models of
- The semiotic approach
- Michel Foucault
Communicative Action: Jurgen Habermas (5,000 words)
- Global knowledge and subjugated knowledges
- Archaeologies and Genealogies
- The embodiment of theory ('The Eye of Power')
- Geographic and historic diversity
Risk Society: Ulrich Beck (5,000 words)
- Weber's problem
- Goal rationality
- Communicative Action
- Lifeworld and system
The Search for the Perfect Language: Umberto Eco (5,000 words)
- Wealth creation and risk creation
- Reflexive modernisation
- The programme of modernity
Conclusion part II: What questions does sociology ask biology? (5,000 words)
Part III: What are the roles of calcium in the genotype -
phenotype argument? (30-40,000 words)
- Perfect and universal languages
- a priori and a posteriori languages
- Linguistic plurality
Introduction- 5000 words
- The ecology of calcium: the calcium cycle.
- The structure and organisation of eukaryotic cells
- The structure and organisation of multi-cellular organisms
Neurological roles of calcium
- Chemiosmosis and Membranes - Nicholls, D.G. & Ferguson, S.J. (1992)
- Gibbs energy - The 'High-energy bond' 'myth' - ibid.
- Proton pumps and metabolism
- Calcium channels and pumps
- Calcium gradients across eukaryotic cell membranes
Structural roles of calcium
- Synaptic Vesicles - Neurotramsitters - van der Meer
- Long term potentiation - Rose
Calcium in the endocrine system
- Muscle contraction - Troponin C
Calcium in the heart
- Parathryoid gland
Developmental roles of calcium
- Virtual heart - Noble
- 'Voodoo Death'
Genetic roles of calcium
- Cell Division - Mitosis and Meiosis
- Calcium peaks at fertilization, pronuclear migration, nuclear
envelope breakdown, the metaphase-anaphase transition, and cleavage.
(van der Meer) - Cell cycle
- DNA replication
- DNA - RNA transcription
- RNA - protein
- Calmodulin is a highly conserved protein
Protein computation - Bray
- Photosynthesis - Goodwin, T.W. & Mercer, E.I. (1983)
- Respiration - ibid.
- Glycolysis - ibid.
- Diversity of bacterial metabolism -
- Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase - Nicholls, D.G. & Ferguson, S.J. (1992)
- NAD+ linked isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) - ibid.
- 2-Oxogluarate dehydrogenase (OGDH) - ibid.
Conclusion part III: ? (5000 words)
Translations between biology and sociology - Conclusions
- CaM II Kinase - Bray
- Inositol 1,4,5 Triphosphate - Hopkins - van der Meer
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