Human ecology
Psychology of learning mathematics
PLM - Notes - 16/1/00

Beliefs about the nature of mathematics

"Absolutism: Mathematics is right or wrong, certain, exact and is made up of facts, skills and fixed methods which are either correctly known or not.
Relativism: The variety of mathematical sturctures, form and contexts allow different sorts of analyses, comparisons, evaluations and approaches. This perspective incorporates a process view of mathematics and admits multiple problem-solving approaches." (Carré & Ernest, 1993, p.49)

These positions relate to the Dualist / Non-dualist distinction in Ernest (2000). How do these two distinctions relate to the convergence / divergence distinction in Hudson (1966) and in Orton (1992)?

Possible examples of divergence:

Possible examples of convergence:
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Created 16/1/00
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